As you may have heard, this year is an election year in Honduras. After a string of military governments in the 1960s and 1970s, a democratic government was voted into office in open elections in 1982. That government founded the National Assembly, which approved the new Honduran constitution that same year. Over the next few decades, the democratic system slowly strengthened, being run by eight civilian governments from the two main political parties; el Partido Liberal (Liberal Party) and el Partido Nacional (National Party). Despite its name, the Partido Liberal is not a left-wing party. From a North American point of view, both are relatively conservative in their policies and beliefs.
The Honduran constitution states that a president can only be in power for one four-year term. In 2009, then President Manuel (Mel) Zelaya wanted to consult the population to see if they would support a change in that particular article in the constitution. The opposition declared this unconstitutional and the military, claiming to protect the rights and freedoms of the people of Honduras, ousted Zelaya in a coup d’état. This sparked political unrest in the country and international outrage, a time that many El Hogar supporters may remember, as Service Team trips were suspended during this period. In the end, the constitution did not change and Zelaya, once allowed back into the country, formed the Partido Libre (Free Party) led by him and his wife.
The next presidential term is from 2018-2022, with national elections on November 26th of this year. This should mean that the tenure of current President Juan Orlando Hernandez is coming to an end. However, in a complicated situation where it is difficult to uncover the facts, Hernandez has secured his candidacy for president for another term. Newly appointed Supreme Court Justices declared the no re-election article inapplicable to Hernandez, allowing him to move forward with his plan to continue occupying the Casa Presidencial (Presidential House). National opinion polls are elusive, but public opinion indicates a close contest meaning Hernandez does not have a significant lead, if any, over the other candidates. However, his party does control the congress, making his re-election likely.
Despite everything, things are pretty quiet around here. With about a month until the election, campaign posters line the streets, advertisements are heard on the television and radio, and the presidential candidates are making their rounds. While not everyone is happy about the situation, there does not seem to be an outcry from either national or international bodies. For better or for worse, there seems to be a relative calm throughout the country, which could lead one to believe that this will not be a repeat of the political upheaval in 2009. Either way, the decision will be made on November 26th with the hope of a better Honduras.
– Erika Skafel, Coordinator of North American Relations